(559) 683-7977
40119 Enterprise Drive
Oakhurst, CA 93644

Dog Vaccinations

Click here for Cat Vaccination Information

"Spanky"

According to the AVMA Council on Biologic and Therapeutic Agents', vaccines are divided into two classes:

Core Vaccines - necessary for every dog

Non-Core Vaccines - recommended only for certain dogs

Whether to vaccinate with non-core vaccines is dependent on age, breed, and health status of the dog, the potential exposure of the dog to an animal that has a particular disease, the type of vaccine and how common a disease is in the dog's geographical area, or where he/she may visit.


Vaccination Schedule

5 weeks:
Parvovirus - for puppies at high risk of exposure to parvo, some veterinarians recommend vaccinating at 5 weeks. Check with your veterinarian.

6 & 9 weeks:
Combination vaccine* without leptospirosis.
Coronavirus: where coronavirus is a concern.

12 weeks or older:
Rabies - Given by your local veterinarian (age at vaccination may vary according to local law).

12 & 15 weeks**:
Combination vaccine
Leptospirosis - include leptospirosis in the combination vaccine where leptospirosis is a concern, or if traveling to an area where it occurs.
Coronavirus - where coronavirus is a concern.
Lyme - where Lyme disease is a concern or if traveling to an area where it occurs.

Adult (boosters)§:
Combination vaccine
Leptospirosis - include leptospirosis in the combination vaccine where leptospirosis is a concern, or if traveling to an area where it occurs.
Coronavirus - where coronavirus is a concern.
Lyme - where Lyme disease is a concern or if traveling to an area where it occurs.
Rabies - Given by your local veterinarian (time interval between vaccinations may vary according to local law).

*A combination vaccine, often called a 5-way vaccine, usually includes adenovirus cough and hepatitis, distemper, parainfluenza, and parvovirus. Some combination vaccines may also include leptospirosis (7-way vaccines) and/or coronavirus. The inclusion of either canine adenovirus-1 or adenovirus-2 in a vaccine will protect against both adenovirus cough and hepatitis; adenovirus-2 is highly preferred.**Some puppies may need additional vaccinations against parvovirus after 15 weeks of age. Consult with your local veterinarian.

§ According to the American Veterinary Medical Association, dogs at low risk of disease exposure may not need to be boostered yearly for most diseases. Consult with your local veterinarian to determine the appropriate vaccination schedule for your dog. Remember, recommendations vary depending on the age, breed, and health status of the dog, the potential of the dog to be exposed to the disease, the type of vaccine, whether the dog is used for breeding, and the geographical area where the dog lives or may visit.

Bordetella and parainfluenza: For complete canine cough protection, we recommend Intra-Trac II ADT. For dogs that are shown, in field trials, or are boarded, we recommend vaccination every six months with Intra-Trac II ADT.

AVMA Vaccination Recommendations for Dogs

Component Class Efficacy Length of Immunity Risk/Severity of Adverse Effects Comments
Canine Distemper Core High > 1 year for modified live virus (MLV) vaccines Low
Measles Non-core High in preventing disease, but not in preventing infection Long Infrequent Use in high risk environments for canine distemper in puppies 4-10 weeks of age
Parvovirus Core High > 1 year Low
Hepatitis Core High > 1 year Low Only use canine adenovirus-2 (CAV-2) vaccines
Rabies Core High Dependent upon type of vaccine Low to moderate
Respiratory disease from canine adenovirus-2 (CAV-2) Non-core Not adequately studied Short Minimal If vaccination warranted, boost annually or more frequently
Parainfluenza Non-core Intranasal MLV - Moderate Injectable MLV - Low Moderate Low Only recommended for dogs in kennels, shelters, shows, or large colonies; If vaccination warranted, boost annually or more frequently
Bordetella Non-core, but recommended for boarding /kennels Intranasal MLV - Moderate Injectable MLV - Low Short Low For the most benefit, use intranasal vaccine 2 weeks prior to exposure
Leptospirosis Non-core Variable Short High Up to 30% of dogs may not respond to vaccine
Coronavirus Non-core Low Short Low Risk of exposure high in kennels, shelters, shows, breeding facilities
Lyme Non-core Appears to be limited to previously unexposed dogs; variable Revaccinate annually Moderate

Researchers at the Veterinary Schools at the University of Minnesota, Colorado State University, and University of Wisconsin suggest alternating vaccinations in dogs from year to year. Instead of using multivalent vaccines (combination vaccines against more than one disease), they recommend using monovalent vaccines which only have one component, e.g., a vaccine that only contains parvovirus. So, one year your dog would be vaccinated against distemper, the next year against canine adenovirus-2, and the third year against parvovirus. Then the cycle would repeat itself. Other researchers believe we may not have enough information to recommend only vaccinating every 3 years. Manufacturers of dog vaccines have not changed their labeling which recommends annual vaccinations. Again, each dog owner must make an informed choice of when to vaccinate, and with what. Consult with your veterinarian to help you make the decision.